Homs (/hɔːms/;Arabic:حمص / ALA-LC: Ḥimṣ), previously known as Emesa (Greek: Ἔμεσα Emesa), is a city in western Syria and the capital of the Homs Governorate. It is 501 metres (1,644ft) above sea level and is located 162 kilometres (101mi) north of Damascus. Located on the Orontes River, Homs is also the central link between the interior cities and the Mediterranean coast.
Previous to the Syrian war, Homs was a major industrial centre, and with a population of at least 652,609 people in 2004, it was the third largest city in Syria after Aleppo to the north and the capital Damascus to the south. Its population reflects Syria's general religious diversity, composed mostly of Arabic-speaking Sunni Muslims and Alawite and Christian minorities. There are a number of historic mosques and churches in the city, and it is close to the Krak des Chevaliers castle, a world heritage site.
Homs did not emerge into the historical record until the 1st century BCE at the time of the Seleucids. It later became the capital of a kingdom ruled by the Emesani dynasty who gave the city its name. Originally a center of worship for the sun god El-Gabal, it later gained importance in Christianity under the Byzantines. Homs was conquered by the Muslims in the 7th century and made capital of a district that bore its current name. Throughout the Islamic era, Muslim dynasties contending for control of Syria sought after Homs due to the city's strategic position in the area. Homs began to decline under the Ottomans and only in the 19th century did the city regain its economic importance when its cotton industry boomed. During French Mandate rule, the city became a center of insurrection and, after independence in 1946, a center of Baathist resistance to the first Syrian governments.
According to the UNRWA, poor environmental health is a major concern as it affects the quality of life and poses health risks for the refugees. The sewage system needs to be expanded to cope with the increasing camp population. The schools are old and dilapidated condition, and some have major structural defects. The UNRWA's main priority in the camp is to reconstruct the schools to provide improved educational facilities.
“Those parking lots are the least green, and most wasteful, thing we are doing,” said Wayne Johansen, co-founder of HOMFurniture, which asked Oakdale to reduce parking requirements in a new store ...For every vehicle on American roads, there are now about seven parking places – equal to the land area of Delaware and Rhode Island.
LAMJUNG, JANUARY 17 ... As a result, victims have been denied justice and perpetrators have eluded action, said social activists ... They have landed in court only as the last option, said coordinator of the judicial committee, Hom Bahadur BK, also vice-chair of Marsyangdi Rural Municipality ... .
They lived in Homs, a center of anti-government protests ... The path from Homs to their new home was not easy, or straight. It began in a Jordanian refugee camp, where they landed after leaving all their possessions behind ... In Homs, Fadi owned a business with his family, selling pasta to wholesalers around the country.
Blazes broke out Friday in the provinces of Homs, Tartus and Latakia, destroying over 9,000 hectares of agricultural and forested land, according to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) ... The fires across Syria did not only hit agricultural lands but also residential and industrial areas.
... correspondent, Lyse Doucet, into the “unnecessary” trip into war-stricken Homs, Syria, in April 2014 ... While filming was taking place for the documentary at a centre for internally displaced people in Homs, a stray mortar landed near the vehicle where Morton was waiting outside.
Just before Marie Colvin died, she was looking for her shoes. Rockets had already hit the top floors of the makeshift press centre where she was holed up, in the Baba Amr neighbourhood of Homs in mid-west Syria. Another landed and she was killed before she made it out ... It had become the most dangerous place in the world to be a journalist ... ....
The intelligence services have exploited Idlib to maintain Turkey’s influence in Syria, penetrating through it into the Syrian depth, and threatening the security of other nearby provinces, such as Aleppo, Latakia, Homs and Hama. In the meantime, Turkey opened its land and air ...
For first time since 2012, Syrian troops recaptured the strategic M5 highway that connects the capital, Damascus, to the major cities of Hama, Homs and Aleppo. A Syrian passenger jet also landed in Aleppo airport from Damascus as domestic flights resumed between the country's two largest cities ... Assad ... Turkey says lost soldier ... www.presstv.ir ... .
Syrian government forces have intercepted and shot down an unmanned aerial vehicle operated by foreign-sponsored Takfiri militants as it was flying in the skies close to a major refinery in the country’s central province of Homs... PressTV-Syrian army hacks, lands militant combat drones in Homs.
Hisham’s cousin, his cousin’s wife and their children were planning to ride out into the surrounding desert, where they would board buses sent by the Syrian government to take them to Homs city ... Much of Homs city was in ruins ... Survival in no-man’s-land ... When Samir finally made it to Homs city, he found a job as a construction worker.